Frequently Asked Questions about Nitric Acid
Is HNO3 an Acid or Base?
HNO3 , nitric acid, is an acid. It gets separated into hydrogen ions (H+) and nitrate ions (NO3–) in water. When we go by the definition, acid is any substance that releases H+ in an aqueous solution. As nitric acid does so, it is classified as an acid.
Is Nitric Acid a Strong or Weak Acid?
Nitric acid is a strong acid. The more an acid dissociates in aqueous solution, the stronger an acid is classified as. And nitric acid completely dissociates in water by breaking into hydrogen ions and nitrate ions. In addition, nitric acid has an increased polarity and weaker bond between ions that makes it easier to dissociate.
What is Nitric Acid Commonly Used For?
The most common use of nitric acid is for producing fertilizers like ammonium nitrate and calcium nitrate. Not only in making food, it plays an important role in national defense as well by being an ingredient of explosives like nitroglycerin, TNT. If we go in more detail, nitric acid is used for cleaning metals too.
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