Frequently Asked Questions about Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate (NaHCO3)
Is NaHCO3 an Acid or Base?
Sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3) is a salt with basic properties. It is a combination of a strong base named NaOH (caustic soda) and a weak acid called H2CO3(carbonic acid). When both are combined, the strength of the base doesn’t neutralize fully. That’s why it makes a basic salt NaHCO3.
Is NaHCO3 a Strong or Weak Acid/Base?
Sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3) has a weak basic nature. It is actually salt. When you combine a strong base and weak acid, the acid doesn’t cut the base’s effect fully and makes basic salt. Similarly, H2CO3 isn’t strong enough to neutralize the strong effect of NaOH in NaHCO3. So, the final product remains basic.
What is Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate (NaHCO3) commonly used for?
As NaHCO3 (Sodium hydrogen carbonate) can neutralize acid, it is most commonly used for leveling acidity. Like acidity in the body that causes indigestion can be cured through NaHCO3. Doctors even prescribe it to decrease the acidity in blood and urine. Besides, NaHCO3 is also used in dyeing, plastic making, reducing odor etc.
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